Wood Hardness The density/hardness of the wood species and its ability to withstand foot traffic, children and pets will impact its wear performance, and will vary from species to species. Its undertones are reddish, but the overall hue of the wood is a light creamy shade of pink and reddish-brown. On the Janka hardness scale, White oak is 1360 and red oak is 1290. The durability of any flooring is dependent on the overall hardness of the wood. Oak wood has a density of about 0.75 g/cm 3 (0.43 oz/cu in) creating great strength and hardness. Janka Hardness Rating. Its hardness is an important factor in the oak milling process. With a rating of 1,290 lbs, strong and resilient Red Oak is the benchmark against which all other wood species are compared on the Janka Scale. While the complete Janka hardness listings will reveal that there are some fairly hard softwoods and some relatively soft hardwoods, in the species most commonly used in flooring, the identifiers hold true: hardwoods are harder than softwoods. The hardness scale shows the relative hardness … White Oak flooring is also more stable. General Description of Red Oak. Wickham Floors has been manufacturing wood floors for over 30 years. Janka Hardness: White oak has a ranking of 1360, while red oak is 1290. For smaller or … Name Red Oak Location North America Texture/Grain Coarse/Open Specific Gravity 0.63 Hardness Very Hard Strength Strong T/R Stability 8.9/4.2% Guide The wood is mostly straight-grained, with a coarse texture. Red Oak, Southern Red Oak, Northern Red Oak, Swamp Red Oak, Quercus falcata, Quercus rubra. Both species of oak rank among the hardest of the hardwoods. Bulk Discounts Available. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. The scale ranges from about 70 being the rating for balsa wood (softest) to 5060 being the rating for Australian Buloke (hardest). Red oak has some natural colour variation and has course grain that can be quite straight or end in beautiful cathedrals. Red Oak hardwood flooring is renowned for its enduring hardness and classic beauty. Workability: Both red and white oak have good resistance to splitting and excellent holding ability. The Janka hardness scale uses 0.444” steel ball pushed into a 2’’ x 2’’ x 6’’ piece to determine how hard the wood is. White Oak is a domestic wood species similar to Red Oak, but harder on the Janka Hardness Scale (Red Oak is 1290). For example, the "Red oak" and the "Oak flooring" pieces were both red oak, but varied a lot in hardness. Natural Coloring of White Oak ranges from golden/browns with gray undertones. But, as I mentioned above, even though red oak is a bit less hard, it tends to show the dents a bit less. Find out what's best for your Chicago home from the experts. It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimetres (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. Hardness – white oak flooring is a bit harder than red oak. There is a scale that rates the hardness of woods called the Janka Hardness Scale. GENERAL DESCRIPTION The sapwood of red oak is white to light brown and the heartwood is a pinkish-reddish brown. Our wood floors are famous throughout Quebec and Canada, and our floors are exported to other countries, including the United States, Europe, Asia and the Middle East. White Oak, Janka Hardness Rating 1360. Featuring a distinct wavy grain pattern and a subtle reddish hue in its natural, unstained state, Red Oak wood flooring is an iconic hardwood choice that's been made by homeowners for centuries. Red Oak is the median standard, rated at 1,290 on the Janka hardness scale, making it a great choice for flooring. If you like your wood with heavy grain patterns and want lots of colour options, then Red Oak is for you. The most durable flooring woods will be hardwoods such as oak, walnut, ebony, maple, ash, and pecan. Red oak sands better than white; by contrast, white oak has better machining qualities. With a Janka hardness rating of 1290, Red Oak is widely considered to be the most popular of all domestic flooring species. Strong, resilient Oak is used as the industry benchmark. Oak, Red. Keep in mind, to get the most out of your hardwood floor’s natural potential for durability and performance, proper installation is critical. Red Oak is the standard for hardness (durability) when it comes to flooring, at the higher end of the Janka Hardness scale (see hardness on FAQs page) compared to other domestic species. The Janka Hardness Rating gives a numerical representation of the durability of various types of wood, essential for matching material to its intended usage, ie: higher levels of foot traffic need a more durable species with a higher Janka rating. What is special about Red Oak? Graining; The red oak tends to feature a stronger graining while the white one has a less strong one. 3. Red Oak has a very visible grain pattern. It also has very appealing grain markings, particularly when quartersawn.. Oak planking was common on high status Viking longships in the 9th and 10th centuries. White Oak flooring has been noted as being harder than Red Oak with a Janka hardness rating of approximately 1360. If maple is at the top of the hardness scale, white oak ranks one point under it, with red oak ranking one point below white oak. A hardwood with a high Janka Hardness rating may be preferable for areas where there is high traffic or if you have small children or indoor pets. Oak is used in many woodworking applications, including steam bending. 4. The wood is very resistant to insect and fungal attack because of its high tannin content. Upper Grades. Red Oak is the benchmark of the Janka scale. This force is recorded in both pounds-force (lbf) and kilo-Newtons (kN). The red oak group comprises many species, of which about eight are commercial. Hardness. On a Janka hardness scale, the red oak hits 1290 while the white oak gets 1360. 4. I wonder if it’s about the same hardness as southern live oak. Of note, the industry standard for determining whether or not a particular wood species is an appropriate option for flooring is Red Oak. China Red Oak Hardness, Red Oak Hardness from China Supplier - Find Variety Red Oak Hardness from hardness tester ,portable hardness tester ,guitar hard case, Hard Drives Suppliers Located in China, Buy Red Oak Hardness Made in China on Alibaba.com White Oak flooring has less pronounced finer graining and warmer golden brown tones. American red oak is the trade name for eight commercially available species of oak that are sold as both timber and veneer and used in a range of interior applications. It is harder and heavier than red oak and can be installed in high traffic areas. Janka Hardness: 1,220 lb f (5,430 N) Red Oak, a temperate hardwood, is regarded as one of the most beautiful woods to work with because of its grain pattern and character. Because of the harder grain White Oak … Heartwood is a light to medium brown, commonly with a reddish cast. 0. Red Oak is the reference species for comparing wood hardness. Hardness. Red Oak has a Janka hardness rating of approximately 1290. Red Oak (Quercus rubra) Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea) Sessile Oak (Quercus petraea) Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii) ... I’m very curious of how hard they are. All other species are compared to it. Shelby 2 years ago Seido identifies Japanese White Oak … This page is devoted exclusively to Plain-sawn Red Oak. Strong, resilient Oak is used as the industry benchmark. **This is the average hardness of the species (data based on NWFA). A common use of Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring. Both red and white oak rank among the hardest of the hardwoods. This test is also used to determine the degree of difficulty in sawing and nailing. Red Oak was chosen as the median standard because it is one of the most readily available hardwoods. Wood Hardness The density/hardness of the wood species and its ability to withstand foot traffic, children and pets will impact its wear performance, and will vary from species to species. 4/4 Shipped from NY: $ 3.50 Shipped from FL: $ 4.80 The price difference is caused by shipping costs and local availability. The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. That is they tend to expand and contract more with moisture change. The sapwood of red oak is white to light brown, while the heartwood is a pinkish reddish brown. It’s not so hard that it scratches easily, but not so soft that it dents easily. Janka Hardness: 1290. The upper grades of tongue-in-groove red oak flooring are divided into clear and select grades. Reply. Red Oak Lumber - Janka Hardness: 1290 For more info on the janka hardness scale CLICK HERE. About Red Oak A popular and attractive looking shade tree, the Northern Red Oak can be found on suburban streets across the North American continent. While maple secures the top position on the Janka hardness scale, white oak ranks second with a score of 1360; red oak, 1290. ? Grades of Plain-sawn Red Oak Flooring Available: Red Oak is the most widely used wood for flooring, and there are many grades of Red Oak flooring available. What also surprised me is how well plain old MDF and particle board performed in the test. All of the Oaks are less dimensionally stable than most domestic hardwoods. When using white oak for flooring, the floor is usually a bit harder as compared to the red one. Clear red oak is the best quality and most expensive red oak TIG on the market. American Red Oak boast excellent strength properties in relation to its weight and when properly dried, demonstrates superb dimensional stability and hardness that makes it suitable for use in joinery, furniture, and flooring. The harder woods like Red Oak will be a higher number on the scale and the softer woods will be a lower number on the scale. The wood is similar in general appearance to white oak, but with a slightly less pronounced figure due to the smaller rays. When it comes to white oak vs red oak, you'd be surprised to learn that red oak might be a better option. The wood is similar in general appearance to white oak, but with a slightly less-pronounced figure due to the smaller rays. The hardness scale shows the relative hardness … *The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a 0.444 inch steel ball into wood. 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